Teachers’ Implementations of Teaching Techniques for Young Learners

Veronica Listyani Diptoadi, Ruruh Mindari, Hendra Tedjasuksmana


Although often taking part in seminars and workshops on how to teach English to their students, it seems that elementary school teachers of English (though not all) do not really implement what they have received in their classrooms. The seminar that the English Department of Widya Mandala Surabaya Catholic University held on the 8th of August 2015 was a workshop where the participants, the elementary school teachers of English, were trained to demonstrate how to use drama, storytelling, games and songs as techniques in teaching English to their students. They were expected to be able to use these techniques in their respective classrooms. The techniques became the alternatives to the current techniques being practiced at schools to enliven the learning atmosphere. Therefore, this study which is the third level or the last level of our project on developing an English handbook for English teachers at elementary schools, is in the form of an observational study describing how the teachers implemented the techniques -- drama, storytelling, games and songs -- in their respective classrooms, students’ responses and   what problems took place when the teachers were carrying out the techniques. The results show that the teachers were able to teach those techniques in their classes, students actively took part more actively in their English class, and they liked games and songs much.


English handbook, observation, teaching techniques

Full Text:



Anthony, E. M. (1963). Approach, method, and technique. English Language Teaching 17, 63-6.

Brewster, J. & Ellis, G. (2007). The primary English teacher’s guide. Edinburg Gate: Pearson Education Ltd.

Brown, D. (2007). Teaching languages by principles. Pearson Education, Inc.

Diptoadi, V. L., Mindari, R., & Tedjasuksmana, H. (2015). Developing a Teaching Handbook for English Elementary School Teachers. Surabaya: Unika Widya Mandala Surabaya.

Halliwell, S. (1992). Teaching english in the primary classroom. New York: Longman Publishing.


Lightbown, P. & Spada, N. (1993). How languages are learned. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Mrs. R. (n.d.). A list of character traits. Teacher Pay Teacher. Retrieved from http://www.teacherspayteachers.com/Product/A-List-of-Character-Traits-90373

Paul, D. (2003). Teaching english to children in Asia. Quarry Bay: Longman Asia ELT.

Perry, B. D. (n.d). Why Young Children Are Curious? Retrieved on May 26, 2014 from http://www.scholastic.com/teachers/article/why-young-children-are-curious.

Scott, W. A., & Ytreberg L. H. (2004). Teaching English to children (19th Impression). New York: Longman.

Slattery, M. & Willis, J. (2001). English for primary teachers. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.24167/celt.v18i1.836

Copyright (c) 2018 Celt: A Journal of Culture, English Language Teaching & Literature

| pISSN (print): 1412-3320 | eISSN (online): 2502-4914 | web
analytics View My Stats