Fitriyono Ayustaningwarno


Indonesia is the largest producer of palm oil in the world. The high productivity of palm oil
should be followed by processing and diversification of processed palm oil products. One of
the products are refined palm oil to eat. Palm oil can be processed into various kinds of
productsfrom the stem, fruit, root. Thefruit is made into oil palm. Oil palmfroit is processed
through handling the fruit bunches. boiling. threshing. pulverized. oil extraction. and
clarification to become Crude Palm Oil (CPO). CPO has a variety of nutrients that are
beneficial to human health. such as a-, a-, ii-carotene, vitamin E (tocopherol. tokotrienol).
Iicopene, lutein. sterols, unsaturatedfatty acid and ubiquinone. Generally CPO is processed
into cooking oil. However; cooking oil processing causes damage to the nutrition. To gain
benefit from the nutrients il needs to employ other treatment methods such as molecular
distillation and Supercritical Fluid Extraxtion (SFE). However. the process is still expensive.
modified conventional cooking oil processing methods is also developed so that it can produce
oil that still has a high nutrient. which is called Red Palm Oil (RPO). RPO can be used to
reduce the risk of anemia in pregnant women. RPO when stored at room temperature can last
up to 8 months with a-carotene decrease from 500 to become 370. J ppm. With a high nutritional
value RPO can be used in a variety of products that are not exposed to excessive heat.
including, saute oil, oils sachets for instant noodles. and salad dressings.

Save to Mendeley


red palm oil, RPO, applications, production. potential

Full Text:



[Anonim].2006.Malaysia-Carotino plans second biodiesel plant. [9 Januari 2008]

[Anonim]. 2009. Kelapa Sawit. [23 Oktober 2009].

[Anonim]. 2010. Produksi CPO Indonesia Capai 20 Juta Ton di 2009.,com_content&view article&id=40160:produksi-cpo-indonesia capai-20-juta-ton-di-2009-&catid=31:umum&Itemid=143. [11 Januari 2010].

Ayustaningwamo F. 2010. Kinetika Parameter Stabilitas Oksidasi Minyak Sawit Merah. [Thesis]. Bogor. Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Basiron Y. 2005. Palm Oil. Di dalam: Shahidi F , editor. Baileys Industrial Oil and Fat Products: Ed ke-6 Volume ke-2 Edible Oil and Fat Products: Edible Oil. Hoboken. John Wtley & Sons, Inc.

Bonni TY & Choo YM. 2000. Valuable minor constituents of commercial red palm olein:carotenoids, vitamin E, ubiquinones and sterols. J Oil Palm Resarch. 12: 14-24.

Bonnie TYP & Gwendoline ECL. 2006. Identification oflutein in crude palm oil and evaluation of carotenoids at various ripening stages of the oil paImfruit. Oil Palm Res. 18:189-197 "

ButtMS, SharifK, HumaN, MukhtarT, Rascol J. 2004. Storage studies of red palm oil fortified cookies. Nut & Food ~ci. 34 (6): 272-276 Elisabeth B. 2009. Produksi CPO dunia berlebih 550.000 ton pada 2009. lid141213.html. [12 0ktober 2009)

Fauzi Y, WidyastutiYE, Satyawibawa I, dan Hartono R. 2006. Kelapa Sawit Budi Daya, Pemanfaatan Hasil dan Limbah, Analisis Usaha dan Pemasaran. Jakarta. Penebar Swadaya

Food and Nutrition Board. 2000. Dietary References Intakes for Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Selenium, and Carotenoids. Washington. National Academy Press

Gee PT. 2007. Analytical characteristics of crude and refined palm oil and fractions. Eur J Lipid Sci Techno/l 09:373-379.

GunstoneFD.2002. Vegetable Oils In Food

Technology: Composition, Properties and Uses. Paris. Blackwell Publishing.

KetarenS. 2005. Minyak dan Lemak Pangan. Jakarta. Universitas Indonesia Press.

Lietz U HemyCJK, Mulokozi U MugyabusoJKL, BallartA, Ndossi GD, Lorri W, Tomkins A. 200 l. Comparison of the effects of supplemental red palm oil and sunflower oil on maternal vitamin A status. Am Clin Nut. 74(4):501-509

Mozaffarieh M, Sacu S, WedrichA. 2003, 'The role of the carotenoids, lutein and zeaxanthin, in protecting against age-related macular degeneration: A review based on controversial evidence' ,Nutrition Journal, vol. 2, no. I, p. 20.

Muchtadi TR. 1992. Karakterisasi Komponen Intrinsik Utama Buah Sawit (Elais guineensis, Jacq) Dalam Rangka Optimalisasi Proses Ekstraksi Minyak dan Pemanfaatan Provitamin A. [Disertasi]. Bogor: Sekolah Pascasarjana Institut Pertanian Bogor.

MurakoshiM,NishinoH, SatomiY, TakayasuJ, Hasegawa T, Tokuda H, Iwashima A, Okuzumi J, Okabe H, Kitano H. 1992. Potent Preventive Action of a-Carotene against Carcinogenesis: Spontaneous Liver Carcinogenesis and Promoting Stage of Lung and Skin Carcinogenesis in Mice Are Suppressed More Effectively by a-Carotene Than by a-Carotene. Cancer Res. 52:6583- 6587

Nebeling LC,Forman MR, Graubard BI, Snyder RA. 1997, Changes in Carotenoid Intake in the United States: The 1987 and 1992 National Health Interview Surveys,Journal of the American

Dietetic Association, vol. 97,no. 9,pp. 991-6.

Ooi CK. Choo YM, Yap SC, Basiron Y, OngASH. 1994. Recovery ofCarotenoids from Palm Oil. . J Am Oil Chem Soc. 71 (4).423-426

Ooi CK, Choo YM, Yap SC, Ma AN. 1996. Refining Red Palm Oil. E/ais 8: 20-28.

Poku K. 2002. Small Scale Palm Oil Processing in Africa. Agricultural Services Bulletin Series. Roma. FAO.

Radhika MS, Bhaskaram P, Balakrishna N, Ramalakshmi BA. 2003. Red palm oil supplementation: A feasible diet-based approach to improve the vitamin A status of pregnant women and their infants. Food and Nut Bull. 24:2

Rao LU Guns E, RaoAV. 2003. Lycopene: Its role in human health and disease. Agrofood Industry hi tech. July/august 2003.25-30

Riyadi AH. 2009. Kendali Proses Deodorisasi dalam Permurnian Minyak Sawit Merah Skala Pilot Plant. [Thesis]. Bogor: Sekolah Pascasarjana Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Schalch W, Cohn W, Barker FM, Kopcke W, MellerioJ, BirdAC, Robson AU FitzkeFF, van Kuijk FJ. 2007, XantOOphyllaccumuIation in the human retina during supplementation with lutein or zeaxanthin - the LUXEA (Lutein Xanthophyll Eye Accumulation) study, Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics, vol. 458, no. 2, pp. 128-35.

Scrimshaw NS. 2000. Nutritional potential ofred palm oil for combating vitamin A deficiency. Food and Nut Bull. 21 (2): 195-20 1

van Leeuwen R, Boekhoorn S, Vmgerling J, Witteman JCM, Klaver CCW, HofinanA, de Jong PTVM. 2005, Dietary Intake of Antioxidants and Risk of Age-Related Macular Degeneration, JAMA, vol. 294, no. 24,pp.3101-7.

Wang W, Connor SL, Johnson EJ, Klein ML, Hughes S, Connor WE. 2007.Effect of dietary lutein and zeaxanthin on plasma carotenoids and their transport in lipoproteins in age-related macular degeneration, Am J Clin Nutr, vol. 85, no. 3, pp. 762-9.

Widarta IWR. 2008. Kendali proses deasidifikasi dalam pemurnian minyak sawit merah skala pilot plant [Thesis]. Bogor: Program Pascasarjana, Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Yang Y, Huang CY, Peng SS, Li J. 1996. Carotenoid analysis of several dark green leafY vegetables associated with a lower risk of cancers. Biomed. Environ. Sci., 9: 386-392.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

View My Stats