From Picture to Text: the Use of Picture in ELT Writing Class

Ika Apriani Fata, Syamsul Bahri, Muridhal Muridhal


Having students to produce an organized and neat piece of writing has always been the life-long dream and goal of all EFL teachers. Thus, many studies have been conducted under quantitative study as like experimental research, to fill in this gap this study focused on figuring out the teacher’s point of view toward the use of picture as media, what are the target and how are the students’ participations toward it based by using qualitative design. The instruments applied are interview, observation and field notes, as triangulation data. One English teacher and 36 EFL learners participated as informants in this research. It turned out that the findings showed that based on interview of the teacher, it is believed that media as alternative to assist teacher in teaching writing. Besides, the teacher seems confident to teach writing by using the picture. Furthermore, the English teacher believed that students developed their writing skill by using picture. Meanwhile, based on observation and field notes, the EFL students seem enthusiast to learn writing especially it is combined with group discussion techniques. As further studies, it is best to look at the students writing assessment process through picture strategies in EFL class.


Media, EFL writing, picture, teacher’s perception, belief

Full Text:



Adas, D., & Bakir, A. (2013). Writing difficulties and new solutions: Blended learning as an approach to improve writing abilities. International Journal of Humanities and Social Science, 3(9), 254–266.

Alkash, K. A. M., & Al-dersi, Z. E. M. (2013). Advantages of using powerpoint presentation in EFL classroom & the status of its use in Sebha University. International Journal of English Language & Translation Studies, 1(1), 3–16.

Al-Khasawneh, F. M. S. (2010). Writing for Academic Purpose: Problems faced by Arab Postgraduate Students of the College of Bussiness, UMM. ESP World, 9(2), 1–23.

Andrzejczak, N., Trainin, G., & Poldberg, M. (2005). From image to text: Using images in the writing process. International Journal of Education & the Arts, 6(12), 1–16.

Cahyono, B. Y. (2009). Techniques in teaching EFL writing. Malang: State University of Malang press.

Carpenter, S. K., & Olson, K. M. (2011). Are pictures good for learning new vocabulary in a foreign language? Only if you think they are not. Journal of Experimental Psychology; Learning, Memory and Cognition, 15(2), 10-21.

Christine, C. W. (2009). Using picture in EFL and ESL classroom. Abu Dhabi: Art press.

Depdiknas. (2013). Kurikulum 2013 untuk Sekolah Menengah Pertama/Madrasah Tsanawiyah [2013 Curriculum for Junior High School/Madrasah Tsanawiyah]. Jakarta: Depdiknas.

Gutiérrez, K. G. C., Puello, M. & Galvis, L. A. P. (2015). Using pictures series technique to enhance narrative writing among ninth grade students at Institución Educativa Simón Araujo. Canadian Center of Science and Education, 8(5), 45–71.

Harford, H., & Baird, J. (2009). Cambridge English Lexicon. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Hedge, T. (2005). Resource books for teachers: Writing (2nd ed.). New York: Oxford University Press.

Jahin, J. H., & Idrees, M. W. (2012). EFL major student teachers’ writing proficiency and attitudes towards learning English. Umm Al-Qura University Journal of Educational & Psychologic Sciences, 4(1), 10–72.

Kvale. (2006). Interviews. London: SAGE Publications.

Lari, F. S. (2014). The Impact of using power point presentations on students’ learning and motivation in secondary schools. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 98(3), 1672–1677.

Linse, C. T. (2005). Practical English language teaching: Young learner. (D. Nunan, Ed.). New York: Mc Graw Hill, Inc.

Mansourzadeh, N. (2014). A Comparative Study of teaching vocabulary through pictures and audio-visual Aids to young Iranian EFL Learners. Journal of Elementary Education, 24(1), 47–59.

Marshall, C. & Rossman G. B. (2006). Designing Qualitative Research. Thousand Oaks: CA: Sage.

Naseer, C., Fata, I. A., Daud, B., & Isniati. (2016). Figuring the context of contextual teaching and learning (CTL) under 2013 curriculum. Culture, English Language Teaching & Literature (CELT) Journal, 16(2), 149-162

Neuman, W. L. (2007). Basic of Social Research, Quantitative and Qualitative Aproches (2nd ed.). New York: Pearson Education.

Nirmala, Y. (2013). Teaching writing using picture stories as tools at High School Level: The movement from other regulation to self-regulation. Language in India, 13(2), 1–211.

Rokni, S. J. A. & Karimi, N. (2013). Visual Instruction: An advantage or a disadvantage? What about its effect on EFL learners’ vocabulary learning?. Asian Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities, 2(4), 236–243.

Swandi, I. S. B. & Netto-Shek, J. A.

(2017). Teaching writing at the primary levels. Indonesian Journal of Applied Linguistics IJAL, 7(1),1-10

Wyrick, J. (2011). Steps to writing well (11th ed.). Los Angeles: Lachina Publishing.

Yunus, M., Salehi, H., & John, D. S. (2013). Using visual Aids as a motivational tool in enhancing students’ interest in reading literary texts 2. Recent Advances in Educational Technologies Texts, 5(1), 114–117.


Copyright (c) 2018 Celt: A Journal of Culture, English Language Teaching & Literature

| pISSN (print): 1412-3320 | eISSN (online): 2502-4914 | web
analytics View My Stats