B. Retang Wohangara


One important theme attached to pop culture is the politics of representation and sub-cultural identity. The pop singer Madonna and then the Spice Girls are frequently regarded as the representation of modern women offering a different face of feminism ideology. Successfully entering the market
competition, Madonna, through her cry of 'material girl', characterizes herself as an independent woman in the still dominating patriarchal world while challenging the burden of
morality placed on the shoulders of women. She asks young women to rebel against male-centred traditions and unashamedly exposes her sensuality as a source of power and even domination, or in short celebrating 'being women'. The flag of Girl Power is also waved by the 1990'sBritish female
singers, the Spice Girls, who call young girls to "be strong, be brave, be loud and control your own destiny. Believe that your self can do anything you want to do and be confident. We have to be independent, but it does not mean that you don't need a boy" (Swastika 2004: 66).

Full Text:



Kipnis, Laura. The Female Thing: Dirt. Sex, Envy, and Vulnerability. New York: Pantheon Books, 2006.

Mandzuik, Roseann. "Feminists Politics and Postmodem Seductions. In PostJeminism. Feminism, Cultural Theory and Cultural Forms. Edited by Ann Brooks. Routledge: London, 1997.

Swastika, Alia. "Apakah Saya Feminist? Mengeja Girl Power dalam Majalah Gadis". In Jurnal Perempuan, Vol. 34. Yayasan Jumal Perempuan: Jakarta, 2004.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.24167/celt.v7i2.163

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