The Implementation of Herringbone Technique in Reading Comprehension at Second Semester of Non-English Department

Hidayatur Rohmah,


Abstract

As herringbone technique is the technique to help students find important information and main idea in a text by seeking the answer of six comprehension questions on a diagram. This study is intended to know how the lecturer’s implement herringbone technique to the students’ reading comprehension, especially detail information and main idea. The research was done at STAI Bahrul ‘Ulum Tambakberas. The subject of the study was the second semester of PAI-A students consisting 33 students. The study is descriptive qualitative conducted in four meetings. The researcher applied several techniques including observation, field notes, interview, questionnaire, and students’ test. To analyze the lecture’s implementation, data condensation which are selecting, focusing, simplifying, abstracting and transforming all the data found. Then data display means compressed the information, and the last was conclusion drawing. In analyzing the test, the researcher used holistic scoring scale adapted from Brown. And diagram used to analyze the students’ respond toward the implementation. The research finding shows that the implementation of herringbone technique is conducted into three phases; (1)pre-reading phase, which focussed on background knowledge and brainstorm,(2)whilst-reading, which consist on reading activity, fill and discuss the diagram, and (3)post-reading which mean to check the students’ understanding. In conclusion, the use of herringbone technique in teaching reading comprehension requires the lecture to do specific activities of teaching and learning process in accordance with the stages of herringbone technique. The student’s responses result to the herringbone questions and the number of main ideas during teaching learning process increased from first until fourth meeting. The students’ responded toward the implementation of herringbone technique was very good, gave possitive effect and helped them more easily in understanding the text.

Save to Mendeley



Keywords

reading, reading comprehension, herringbone technique, main idea.

References

Richards, Jack C., & Renandya, W. A. 2002. Methodology in Language Teaching. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Nuttal, Christine. 1996. Teaching Reading Skill in a Foreign Language.Second Edition. Oxford: Heinemann.

Nunan, David. 1992.Cooperative Language Learning and Teaching. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Richards, Jack C., & Renandya, W. A. 2002. Methodology in Language Teaching. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Snow, Catherine E. 2002. Reading for Understanding: Toward a Research and Development Program in Reading Comprehension. Pittsburgh: RAND

Deegan, J. 2006. Herringbone Technique. Available at: http://teacherweb.com/PA/NazarethAreaMiddleSchool/TheSpecialistTeam/HerringboneTechnique.doc.

wesites.pdesas.org/james deegan/.../file. ...

Bouchard, Margaret. 2005. Comprehension Strategies for English Language Learners. U.S.A: Scholastic Inc.

Tierney. J. Robert. at all. 1980. Reading Strategies and Practices: Guided for Improving Instruction. United State of AmericaL: Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data.

Miles, Matthew B., Huberman, A., Michael. 1994. Qualitative Data Analysis: Second Edition. California: Sage Publication, Inc.


DOI: https://doi.org/10.24167/celt.v18i1.555

Article Metrics

Abstract viewed : 106 times




Copyright (c) 2018 Celt: A Journal of Culture, English Language Teaching & Literature



| pISSN (print): 1412-3320 | eISSN (online): 2502-4914 | web
analytics View My Stats