Acculturation of Ancient Javanese Culture With Hindu Culture of India The Power of Kalang Woman in Gender Equality (Ethnography on Sub Ethnic Java, Kalang)

Prabani Setiohastorahmanto Budi, Sugiono Soetomo, Agung Budi ` Sardjono,




Abstract

The Kalang group is a Javanese sub ethnic with the Kalang tradition which is an acculturation of ancient Javanese culture with Hindu culture coming from India. In everyday life, Kalang women as a mother have a central role in household activities, the role is a manifestation of responsibility to the husband and children. The cultural alculturation still exists in the life of the Kalang in Kendal, Central Java, Indonesia. In tradition, Kalang women have power in her position as a housewife. Power does not mean physical strength that can be used for violence, but the power to demonstrate the ability to think, manage time and control emotions in carrying out three household activities of domestic activity, activity of tradition and social activity. In today's modern era, gender equality is the main issue every time women's issues are talked but the Kalang group places women (mother)  in a central position within a family that has gender equality through responsibility and is not judged by the material she obtains. Through a deductive paradigm with ethnographic techniques, we find the meaning of a powerful mother in managing the family. This paper provides an overview of the alchemy that makes women powerful in terms of responsibility. Mother as a family center shows her role as a family pillar that serves to perfect or complement the role of men, cooling family life and keeping the tradition

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Keywords

Ewuh, Kalang, Mantenan, Obong, Sonteng

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.24167/celt.v19i1.1852

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