DEVELOPING INTERCULTURAL COMPETENCE THROUGH LITERATURE

Nugrahenny Zacharias

Abstract


In the area of language teaching, it is widely known that there is a de-facto segregation between literature and culture. Both literature and culture are taught separately. Rarely do the two meet in one classroom regardless the strong ties between them. It is without doubt that literature is the media where elements of culture blend and interact. Literature is the media in which people reflect and challenge either their own culture or others. Unfortunately, literature rarely has a role as far as culture teaching and learning are concerned. This brings to the central thrust of this paper. In this paper, I would argue that literature is the best way to facilitate culture learning. It suggests how literary texts, if chosen selectively, would pave the way to cultural awareness and reflection. In addition, not only will students learn about culture but they will also experience personal enjoyment and emotional gain throughout the process. It will end with samples of activities where literature is used.

Keywords


literature, culture, cultural awareness, literary texts

Full Text:

PDF

References


Adaskaou. K ., D. Britten. and B. Fahsi. "Design decisions on the cultural content of a secondary English course for Morocco". In ELT Journal. Vol. 44. No. 1.1990: 3-10.

Alptekin. C. "Tnrget-Inngunge culture in ELT materials". In Power. Pedagogy & Practice. Edited by T. Hedge and N. Whitney. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 1996: 53-61.

Carter. R. and M.N. Long. Teaching Literature. Esscx: Longman. 1991.

Collie. J and S. Sintcr. Literature i" the ulIIguagl' C/c/Ssmom: A Resource Book of Ideas and Activities. Cambridge: Cambridge Univcrsity Prcss. 1992.

Dunnett. S .. D. Fraida lind A. Lczhcrg. "English Iangungc teaching from an intercultural perspective". In Culture Bound. Edited by J. M. Valdes. Oxford: Oxford University Prcss. 1986: 148-161.

Jenkins. J, The Phonology of English as an International Language. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 2000.

Jin. L nnd M. Cortazzi. "The culture the learner brings: a bridge or a barrier? In Language Learning in Intercultural Perspective: Approaches through Drama and Ethnography. Edited by M. Byram and M. Fleming, Cambridge: Camhridge University Press. 1998: 9811 H.

Lazar. G Literature and Language Teaching: a Guide for Teachers and Trainers. Cambridge University Press. 1993.

Maley, A. and A. Duff. Literature. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 1990.

McKay. S. "Literature as Content for ESUEFL". In Tt'clch;ng English as a Second or Foreign umguage (3rd ed). Edited by M. Celce-Murcia, Boston: Heinle & Heinle. 2001: 319-332.

McRae. J. Literature with small 'L'. London: Macmillan. 1991.

Moran, P.R. Teaching Culture: Prespectives in Practice. Massaehusells: Heinle & Heinle. 2001.

Nuttall. C. Teaching Reading Skill in a Foreign Language. Oxford: Macmillan Heinemann English Language Teaching. 1996.

Robinson, GL.N. Crosscultural Understanding. New York: Prentice-Hall. 1985.

Singhal. M. '"Teaching Culture in the Foreign Language Classroom"". In Thai TESOL Bulletin. Vol. 11. No. 1. Febuary 1998.

Spradley. J.P. Participant Observation. New York: Holt. Rinehart and Winston .. 1980.

Thanasoulas. D. "Language and Culture". In http://www.develop ingteacher.com,retrieved 23 November 2003.

Thompson. J. ideology and Modem Culture. Stanford: Stanford University Press. 1990.

Tomalin. Band S. Stempleski. Culmral Awarel/ess. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 1993.

Valdes. 1. M. "Culture in Literature". In Culture Bound. Edited by 1.M. Valdes. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 1986: 137-147.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.24167/celt.v5i1.143



Copyright (c)



| pISSN (print): 1412-3320 | eISSN (online): 2502-4914 | web
analytics View My Stats