An environmental Assessment of Vernacular Housing in Banda Aceh, Indonesia

Laina Hilma Sari, Izziah Hasan, Mirza Irwansyah, Erna Meutia


Vernacular architecture is an architecture product made without the intervention of professional architects. Housing as its common product has various types and styles showing that lots of influences applied to the houses either the social culture, local climate or the folks daily life fashion. It therefore changes gradually causing the difficulty in finding the traditional house as the pioneer in vernacular architecture. Aceh as a province situated in the northern part of Sumatra Island Indonesia suffers such problems. The presence of new buildings is dominated with minimalist style. The traditional and transitional houses have been gradually extinct. This study therefore assesses the vernacular housing in Aceh, Indonesia focusing on Banda Aceh and the surrounding areas. The vernacular houses assessed in this study are traditional, transitional and modern house. The idea is to assess the environmental quality of those houses in term of local wisdom, embodied energy and thermal comfort. Since the local climate of Aceh is not significantly different from the majority of low land-area in Sumatra or even Indonesia, this study can also be a reference in conducting similar studies. This study finally responds the needs toward saving energy through sustainable living.

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Vernacular housing; Aceh, embodied energy; thermal comfort

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ISSN cetak 1410-6094 | ISSN online 2460-6367 | TERAKREDITASI : 2/E/KPT/2015 View My Stats