The Rights to Informed Consent to Mental Disorder Patient in The Action of Premedication Electro Convulsif Therapy (ECT) at Regional Mental Hospital of Dr. Amino Gondohutomo of Central Java Province

Rahmiyati Rahmiyati, Y. Trihoni Nalesti Dewi, C. Tjahjono Kuntjoro, PJ Soepratignja,





Abstract

Medical action approval or informed consent is a communication process between patients and doctors; starting from giving information to the patients about anything dealing with the disease besides the medical actions that would be performed. If the patients understand they will then decide on their agreement. Therefore, patients with mental disorders need the assistance of their closest family members to understand the medical actions to be performed and to signify the informed consent following the Minister of Health’s Regulation Nr. 290 of 2008 on Approval of Medical Action.

Informed consent was also given to the patients of RSJD Dr. Amino Gondohutomo before conducting Premedication ECT following the Director’s Decree Nr. 445/231/2017 on ECT Service Policy at the Regional Mental Hospital Dr. Amino Gondohutomo, Central Java Province. The services included Premedication ECT (under anesthesia) and Non-Premedication ECT (without anesthesia). In accomplishing the rights to informed consent to the mental patients in premedication ECT action some obstacles had encouraged me to make a study on it.

This study used a socio-legal approach that would discuss the relevant regulations and see their implementation. The data were gathered by interviewing Deputy Directors, Medical Committees, Nursing Department, Legal Affairs, psychiatric doctors, nurses, and patients’ families besides having a library and related documents studies. The data were then qualitatively analyzed before being described and presented in a narrative form.

Based on the results of the study it could be concluded that the rights to informed consent to mental patients in premedication ECT action had not worked well because the patients’ families did not know any information regarding the side effects and complications even though they had signed. The informed consent did not guarantee that the patients’ families understood the information. In carrying out the job the doctors did not provide detailed information and did not re-evaluate the information that had been given before. The inhibiting factor the right to get informed consent was the fact that the doctors only gave informed consent once for several actions. The other inhibiting factors were difficulty to contact the patients’ families, distant access to the patients’ families, and homeless patients. 


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Keywords

Rights, Informed Consent, Mental Disorder Patient, Premedication Electro Convulsive Therapy.

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”Elektro Konvulsi“, Jurnal Psikiatri, volume 3, Nomor 1, ISSN 2355-2409, 2014. http://journal.unair.ac.id/PJS@terapi-elektro-konvulsi-(tek)-article-7431-media-69-category-3.html. Diakses tanggal 23 maret 2018 jam 18.00 WIB


DOI: https://doi.org/10.24167/shk.v6i1.1990

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